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Lumbar Back Strain (Low Back Pain)

low back pain

What is Low Back Strain?

Back strain is a generalized term for injury to the soft tissue that supports the spine. This can include muscle, tendon, or ligament damage. It is likely that joints or disc(s) of the spine may also be affected.

Abdominal muscles, buttock muscles, and obliques all help to control the motion of the spine. Tendons attach the muscles of the back to the vertebrae.

Damage to any of these tissues can create back pain and instability in the spine.

Causes of Lumbar Strain

A movement that causes forceful extension of the back, common to sports or lifting injuries, will cause this condition. In most cases, the muscle is not damaged in an injury without also doing damage to the spine.

It is also possible that the muscles of the back are compensating for an underlying spinal condition (such as a slipped disc), causing fatigue of the supportive muscles. The muscle strain is then a symptom of the distress of a vertebral joint or disc.

Symptoms

  • Pain the back that radiates outward
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stiffness
  • Movement limitations

Treatment

  • Rest
  • Identification of any underlying conditions.
  • Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen

Printable Lumbar Back Strain Exercises

low back pain printable exercises
Click to open printable exercise sheet (pdf)
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