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How To Tell If You Are Out of Shape & What to Do About It

getting in shape when you are out of shape

Have you been feeling more tired lately? Do you run out of breath while walking up the stairs or doing other simple tasks?

After the COVID-19 quarantine, many people have found that they are less in shape than they used to be. In the last year, I have had an influx of patients reporting that they don’t feel as fit or physically capable as before the pandemic.

If this sounds like you, you’re not alone! Many older adults are still working their way back to their previous fitness levels.

Let’s explore what it means to be “out of shape” and discuss how to assess your current fitness level properly. Understanding where to start is the first step in creating a safe, balanced approach to regaining your fitness.

What it Means to be “Out of Shape”

Being “out of shape” might mean something different for everyone. For some, it means feeling weak or less able to do the things they love. For others, it might mean struggling with simple daily tasks like carrying groceries.

The pandemic led to a sedentary lifestyle for many older adults, resulting in muscle atrophy, loneliness, and a general sense of well-being decline. (1)

Being out of shape can manifest in different ways, including:

  • Low cardiovascular endurance, or the ability of your heart and lungs to supply oxygen to your muscles

  • Decreased muscular strength, or the ability of your muscles to exert force

  • Limited flexibility, or the range of motion of your joints

  • Less-than-optimal body composition, or proportion of fat to muscle.

For most people, being out of shape likely feels like a combination of any of these. Other symptoms you may experience when feeling out of shape include fatigue, shortness of breath, joint pain, or poor posture.

Low Cardiovascular Endurance

How To Tell If You Are Out of Shape & What to Do About It: image of a group of seniors running together in a position 5k race
Seniors who participate in group activities like group runs or fitness classes often find it easier to stay motivated with their fitness regimen.

When you’re out of shape, your body isn’t as efficient at using oxygen to procure energy. This can make simple tasks, like walking up a flight of stairs or carrying groceries, feel much more challenging than they should be.

Your heart and lungs have to work harder to deliver oxygen to your muscles, which can cause you to feel short of breath and tired.


A Fitness Coach on Your Wrist

There’s nothing quite like a fitness tracker to keep you motivated. “Getting in my steps” has become a familiar phrase to all of us. We like the FitBit Inspire 3 Fitness Tracker for its simplicity and bonus health tracking features. A narrow, basic screen keeps it simple by showing you just what you want to know while exercising. It also does some really cool things like measure your oxygen levels and track high, low or irregular heart rates.

Our recommendations are the same items we trust and prescribe to patients. When you buy through links like this on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission to support new content.

Decreased Strength & Flexibility

How To Tell If You Are Out of Shape & What to Do About It: Image of two seniors lifting weights in a gym workout. 
Commonly people who are out of shape tend to feel less strong with poor endurance for common exercises and activities.

Additionally, when you’re out of shape, your muscles aren’t as strong as they should be. Even basic movements, like standing up from a chair or lifting a small object, can require unusual effort. Over time, this can lead to fatigue and weakness, further limiting your ability to do what you enjoy.

sedentary lifestyle limits flexibility and mobility since your joints are not used as fully and often as needed to function correctly. Limited ability to use your body can lead to decreased movement or an increased risk for falls or other injuries.

Increased Disease Risk

How To Tell If You Are Out of Shape & What to Do About It: Image of a senior man examining test results with his doctor
Regular screenings with your doctor are a good way to make sure you are meeting your health and fitness goals.

Not only does being out of shape impact how you feel during your daily activities, but it can also increase the risk of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, or osteoporosis. Increasing your activity level to improve your fitness level is one way to combat these serious health risks. (2)

As always, we encourage you to schedule regular checkups with your doctor to make sure you are making progress in your journey to get back in shape. Your doctor can provide a comprehensive and safe set of tools to ensure you take the right steps to meet your goals.

How To Assess If You Are Out of Shape

A Guide to Body Mechanics for Better Balance: image of a senior man weighing himself on a scale.
Common measurements like weight are useful for tracking progress when getting in shape.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to remember that it’s not your fault; your body is simply telling you that it needs some extra help to get back into shape. With the right exercise program and support, you can regain your strength and energy to feel like yourself again.

Depending on your goals, interests, and abilities, there are various ways to assess your fitness level.

Objective measurements like weight or body fat measurements compare you to age-matched norms among your peers.

Subjective measures are based on what you’ve noticed about your abilities compared to your own history and perception of how you feel.

Some observational cues that indicate that you are out of shape include

  • Feeling out of breath during physical activity,

  • Having difficulty maintaining a good, upright posture

  • Having a high resting heart rate or blood pressure.

  • A prolonged recovery time from exercise or poor endurance,

  • Increased muscle soreness after low-intensity physical activity.

The Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test

As a PT, I often use the five times sit-to-stand test to assess the physical fitness level of my older adult patients with mobility impairments. Since this test is simple and easy to complete at home, you can follow these instructions and compare your results to your age group below.

How to Do the Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test

To perform the test:

  • Begin by sitting in a chair with your arms folded across your chest and your feet flat on the floor.

  • Stand up and sit down from the chair five times as quickly as possible while maintaining proper form.

  • Note: It is crucial to ensure that you do not use your arms to assist you in standing up or sitting down. Since this is a timed test, having a physical therapist, spouse, or friend test you to get an accurate reading is best.

Tests like this one have established norms for age group and gender, so you can compare your results to your peers to see how you rank. Alternatively, you can test yourself at the beginning of your journey and then at different intervals to track your progress.

The norms for the five times sit-to-stand test vary by age and gender. They can serve as a helpful reference point for evaluating an individual’s performance:

  • For adults aged 60-69, the average time to complete the test is 11.4 seconds for men and 12.6 seconds for women.

  • For adults aged 70-79, the average time is 12.6 seconds for men and 14.9 seconds for women.

  • For adults aged 80-89, the average time is 17.1 seconds for men and 19.2 seconds for women.

It is important to note that while the Five Times Sit-to-Stand test is a valuable tool for assessing leg strength and functional capacity, it should not be used alone to determine an individual’s fitness level.

We recommend scheduling a consultation with a physical therapist or another medical professional to comprehensively assess your abilities, especially if you have concerns about your health.


A Guide to Body Mechanics for Better Balance: Image of a frail older man holding a carved wooden cane. 
Assessing frailty is another way to determine the risk of declining fitness levels.

Frailty is characterized by an excessive and dangerous vulnerability to environmental stress, often leading to injury or preventable illness. (9)

Older adults who were more active before the lockdown experienced a smaller decline in physical activity and less increase in body weight than those who were more frail. (3)

If you are frail or have pre-existing health conditions, pain, or specific limitations, it’s important to consult your doctor before starting an exercise program. Your doctor can help identify risks or precautions, recommend appropriate modifications, or provide referrals.

Other Barriers to Exercise

Other barriers to success in a fitness program include poor social support and environmental factors such as weather or lack of access to facilities. Attempting to address these before beginning a program is ideal. It can help you to get back on track sooner and more consistently. (4)

Joining a walking club or a local seniors fitness group is a great way to be social and stay in shape. If you can access a gym or fitness club, consider attending senior-friendly classes like step aerobics or tai chi. It may also be appropriate to seek assistance from senior-oriented personal trainers or physical therapists in your area.

The Role of Diet & Exercise

A Guide to Body Mechanics for Better Balance: Image of a senior couple
Watching what you eat is a fundamental part of getting back in shape. It can also be a fun activity to do with your spouse!

Maintaining a regular exercise routine alongside a healthy diet is pivotal in your journey to getting back in shape.

While exercising regularly and eating right have health benefits, they can greatly impact your well-being, staving off cardiovascular disease, lowering blood pressure, and improving your quality of life.

Poor cardiovascular health has been linked to a variety of preventable diseases. Combined with the Standard American Diet (SAD) — high in processed oils, fats, and sugar — a lack of regular exercise can lead to illness and early death.

Exercise science shows that eating healthy and cultivating a daily fitness routine can increase the resilience of your heart and blood vessels while also improving your mood, confidence, and strength.

How To Get Back In Shape

How To Tell If You Are Out of Shape & What to Do About It: Portrait of overweight senior woman chatting with friends after an outdoor workout in park and smiling happily
Working out is often more enjoyable with friends, especially if you can get outdoors.

Don’t know where to get started? Here are some general guidelines to help you start exercising safely and effectively:

Start slowly and gradually increase your exercise intensity and duration.

Starting with a high level of intensity can lead to burnout or even injury. It’s important to be compassionate with yourself as you get started so that you can build healthy and effective exercise habits that last.

A gradual and consistent approach can prevent injury, reduce soreness, and improve motivation and confidence. Try to increase your exercise volume by, at most, 10% per week. Simply put, that would mean adding an extra tenth of a mile to your daily walking distance, or eleven instead of ten pushups!

Incorporate a mix of cardiovascular, strength training, and balance exercises. 

Cardiovascular exercises like walking, cycling, or swimming can improve your heart and lung function, increase endurance and boost your mood.

Strength training exercises, like lifting weights, doing bodyweight exercises, or using resistance bands, can build muscle, increase bone density, and enhance metabolism. Balance exercises can improve physical function and reduce the risk of falls. (5)

Choose Activities You Enjoy

Exercise doesn’t have to be boring or painful. I recommend that my patients find activities that they enjoy and that fit into their lifestyles. This will help you to stay consistent and motivated.

For example, dancing, hiking, or yoga are fun and engaging activities many seniors enjoy. (6)  

You can also vary your workouts to avoid boredom and challenge your body in different ways.

Set realistic goals to track your progress 

Having a specific plan in mind can be helpful, such as training for a 5K, doing ten push-ups, or walking for 30 minutes straight.

However, ensure your goal is realistic and achievable, given your fitness level, time commitment, and other factors. (5)  

You can also track your progress using a fitness app or journal or plan a workout in a group setting. These can help you stay accountable, motivated, and proud of your accomplishments. (7)

Prioritize rest and recovery to prevent injury and burnout

Exercise is essential, but so is rest! Your body needs time to recover and repair after exercise, especially if you are new to it or are doing more intense workouts.

Ensure you sleep well, eat a balanced diet, and take breaks between workouts. You can also use active recovery techniques like stretching, foam rolling, or yoga to help your muscles recover and improve flexibility.

Our Recommendation

One of the best ways of getting back into shape is using resistance bands. Not only are they inexpensive compared to other exercise equipment, they take up less space, travel well, and can be used in just about any setting. You can really dial them in based on your level as well, which makes them perfect for building up your endurance and strength over time. It has everything you need and more to continue your fitness journey.

This kit is one that we particularly like. It comes with lots of extras at no additional cost compared to other kits. You’ll also find plenty of free classes in our fitness library that use these items, so now’s the time to get started!

Our recommendations are the same items we trust and prescribe to patients. When you buy through links like this on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission to support new content.

Key Takeaways

Being out of shape can adversely affect your health and well-being, but it’s never too late to improve your fitness.

Over 25% of adults over age fifty report they are inactive.  These findings suggest that many older adults may perceive themselves as being out of shape or having limitations in their physical abilities. (8)

No matter how you got to your current fitness level, there is always the potential for improvement. I have seen firsthand the positive impact that exercise can have on older adults, even those who have not been physically active in years.

Remember, fitness is not a one-time achievement but a lifelong journey that can bring you many benefits, including improved energy, mood, and confidence.

Take action today and start moving towards a healthier you!


  1. Marzetti, E., et al. (2020). When COVID-19 affects muscle: effects of quarantine in older adults. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 32(8), 1599-1604.

  2. Chodzko-Zajko WJ, Proctor DN, Fiatarone Singh MA, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Jul;41(7):1510-30. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a0c95c.

  3. Barzilay, J., et al. (2021). The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity and body weight among older adults: The moderating role of frailty. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1-10.

  4. Franco, M. R., Tong, A., Howard, K., Sherrington, C., Ferreira, P. H., Pinto, R. Z., & Ferreira, M. L. (2015). Older people’s perspectives on participation in physical activity: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative literature. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(19), 1268-1276.

  5. Cadore EL, Rodríguez-Mañas L, Sinclair A, Izquierdo M. Effects of different exercise interventions on risk of falls, gait ability, and balance in physically frail older adults: a systematic review. Rejuvenation Res. 2013 Apr;16(2):105-14. doi: 10.1089/rej.2012.1397.

  6. Chase, J. A., Conn, V. S., & Taylor, C. M. (2019). Interventions to increase physical activity among older adults: a meta-analysis. The Gerontologist, 59(4), e284-e293.

  7. Boulton, E., Booth, J., & Hawley-Hague, H. (2021). A scoping review of physical activity interventions for older adults aligned with the Global Action Plan on Physical Activity (GAPPA). International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 18(1), 1-22.

  8. Center of Disease Control (CDC) (2016, September 16). More than 1 in 4 US adults over 50 do not engage in regular physical activity.,needed%20for%20daily%20life%20activities.

  9. Proietti M, Cesari M. Frailty: What Is It? Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1216:1-7. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-33330-0_1. PMID: 31894541.

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